School Bus Safety Information

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MSI
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School Bus Safety Information

Post by MSI »

See the forum posting after this (or simply page down) for 2019 update
Some interesting research from NHTSA on School Bus safety, including the fact that:
  • "School bus transportation is one of the safest forms of transportation in the United States. The fatality rate for school buses is only 0.2 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT) compared to 1.5 fatalities per 100 million VMT for cars"
From CHILD SAFETY RESEARCH IN SCHOOL BUSES
  • ABSTRACT:
    • School bus transportation is one of the safest forms of transportation in the United States. Every day, our nation's 440,000 public school buses transport more than 23.5 million children to and from school and school-related activities. The safety record is impressive: American students are nearly eight times safer riding in a school bus than with their own parents and guardians in cars. The fatality rate for school buses is only 0.2 fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT) compared to 1.5 fatalities per 100 million VMT for cars.
      School buses have annually averaged about 26,000 crashes resulting in 10 deaths – 25 percent were drivers; 75 percent were passengers. Frontal crashes account for about two passenger deaths each year. This paper describes past, present and near-term school bus research efforts.
From Traffic Safety Facts 2004–2013 Data
  • NHTSA School Bus Fact Sheet 2004 – 2013
    From 2004 to 2013 there were 340,039 fatal motor vehicle traffic crashes. Of those, 1,214 (0.4%) were classified as school-transportation-related.
    School Bus Fatalities.png
    School Bus Fatalities.png (67.76 KiB) Viewed 1665 times
From NASDPTS POSITION PAPER THE EQUIPPING AND USE OF PASSENGER LAP/SHOULDER BELTS IN SCHOOL BUSES February, 2014
  • Summary
    • NASDPTS fully supports the installation and use of lap-shoulder belts in school buses. NASDPTS is not advocating that the installation and/or use of lap-shoulder belts be required. NASDPTS believes this should be a local decision based on local need, but also believes lap/shoulder belt equipped seats should be encouraged as an option when considering new bus original equipment. Should a state or local district decide to equip their buses with lap-shoulder belts, NASDPTS believes a mandatory usage policy should also be in place along with necessary training on the importance of wearing and proper usage of the beltsalong with proper evacuation training. NASDPTS supports the NHTSA position that this local decision should not be done at the expense of students being displaced from school bus transportation
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MSI
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Re: School Bus Safety Information

Post by MSI »

A recent posting on Linkedin of a School Bus crash video from Today Show had posting stating 'Mandate seat belts in buses!' to which i responded:
  • To "add seat belts to school buses" isn't a single easy issue to resolve.
    There are a number of issues to consider:
    • You have to install the belts (and anchor points) and reinforce or change the seats
      • the current bus seats are built to compartmentalize the children, not absorb energy of a belted child?
      • Or you must buy new buses.
    • You have to monitor the children to make sure they properly wear the belts and don't play with them and hit each other with them?
      • Do you add a bus monitor or is this task added to the bus drivers responsibilities?
    • Do you add a seat belt usage indicator to each seat position?
      • weight sensors, interlock indicators, wiring, alarms) such that the driver or a bus monitor has electronic indicators to see that all belts are ON.
    • How to pay for any and all of this adding seat belts or new buses, etc?
      • Do you add more taxes? Add a school bus fee?
      • It will be extremely expensive to add belts to buses.
    Generally when school systems check the cost vs benefits, most opt out of adding since they find fatal or injury producing bus crashes, while horrific, are relatively rare and so don't justify the significant cost.
    • Note the NHTSA numbers below:
      • from 2008-2017, 317,994 fatal motor vehicle crashes,
        • of those 1,113 we school transportation related,
          • of those 10% were occupants of school transportation vehicles
            that represents approx 12 deaths a year in school buses
            • And those 12 deaths are out of 52 million passengers A DAY for approximately 260 million miles A DAY.
        • This graphics and estimate is from NewGeography
        • daily bus rides.jpg
          daily bus rides.jpg (16.76 KiB) Viewed 62 times
          From the American School Bus Council (ASBC):
          • school buses transported an average of 26 million elementary and secondary students daily in 2010 (see the ASBC summary of environmental benefits).
          • This represents 52 million one way trips. Approximately 55 percent of the nation's enrollment travels to and from school on school buses.
          From the US Govt Accountability Office (GAO) School Bus Safety:
          • Based on GAO's analysis of data for 2000 to 2014, 115 fatal crashes involved a school bus on average each year—which is 0.3 percent of the 34,835 total fatal motor-vehicle crashes on average each year.
          • School buses transport over 26 million students to school and other activities every day.
        The main point is it isn't a simple 'look at a video' and in shock order seat belts on buses.
        Definitely we want all children safe however the money might be better spent on other child safety issues.
      another responded posted up these links: Here are some items from the 2019 information on School Bus crashes from NHTSA:
      • NHTSA Overview Bus Crashes.jpg
        NHTSA Overview Bus Crashes.jpg (78.5 KiB) Viewed 70 times
        2019 NHTSA Bus Key Findings.jpg
        2019 NHTSA Bus Key Findings.jpg (78.75 KiB) Viewed 73 times
        2019 NHTSA School Bus Safety Facts.jpg
        2019 NHTSA School Bus Safety Facts.jpg (85.46 KiB) Viewed 75 times
        2019 NHTSA School Bus Safety Facts2.jpg
        2019 NHTSA School Bus Safety Facts2.jpg (171.41 KiB) Viewed 75 times
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MSI
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Re: School Bus Safety Information

Post by MSI »

Another linkedin posted adding this link to a Today Show story
Why your child's school bus has no seat belts
From Dec 2010
Which includes:
  • About 440,000 public school buses carry 24 million children more than 4.3 billion miles a year, but only about six children die each year in bus accidents, according to annual statistics compiled the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
    • About 800 children, by contrast, die every year walking, biking or being driven to school in cars or other passenger vehicles, said Ron Medford, the agency's deputy director.
  • Cost. Separate studies by the NHTSA and the University of Alabama concluded that installing seat belts would add anywhere from $8,000 to $15,000 to the cost of a new bus while having little to no impact on safety.
    • Seat belts would have to be phased in over a decade at a minimum cost of $117 million per state. That cost could be prohibitive, "especially when the nation is dealing with an economic downturn," the study said.
  • Safety. Numerous safety agencies say seat belts aren't the best choice for children, which is why nearly all states require container-like full car seats for younger kids in passenger cars.
    • "Lap/shoulder belts can be misused and NHTSA's testing showed that serious neck injury and perhaps abdominal injury could result when lap/shoulder belts are misused," the NHTSA warnedin its study, adding that "increased capital costs, reduced seating capacities, and other unintended consequences associated with lap/shoulder belts could result in more children seeking alternative means of traveling to and from school."
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