- Moderately and morbidly obese persons face many health issues -- heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, stroke, gallbladder disease and others.
Now, increased chances of dying while driving during a severe auto accident can be added to the list.
In a severe motor vehicle crash, a moderately obese driver faces a 21 percent increased risk of death, while the morbidly obese face a 56 percent increased risk of not surviving, according to a study posted online ahead of print in the American Journal of Emergency Medicine.
The research is funded in part by a grant from the Federal Highway Administration
- Influence of obesity on mortality of drivers in severe motor vehicle crashes
Dietrich Jehle, MDa, Seth Gemmeb, Christopher Jehlea
Received 16 April 2010; received in revised form 23 September 2010; accepted 15 October 2010. published online 03 December 2010
- The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between obesity and mortality of drivers in severe motor vehicle crashes involving at least one fatality.
- Fatalities were selected from 155 584 drivers included in the 2000-2005 Fatality Analysis Reporting System. Drivers were stratified by body mass index, confounders were adjusted for, and multiple logistic regression was used to determine the odds ratio (OR) of death in each body mass index class compared with normal weight.
- The adjusted risk of death from lowest to highest, reported as the OR of death compared with normal weight with 95% confidence intervals, was as follows: (1) overweight (OR, 0.952; 0.911-0.995; P = .0293), (2) slightly obese (OR, 0.996; 0.966-1.026; P = .7758), (3) normal weight, (4) underweight (OR, 1.115; 1.035-1.201; P = .0043), (5) moderately obese (OR, 1.212; 1.128-1.302; P < .0001), and (6) morbidly obese (OR, 1.559; 1.402-1.734; P < .0001).
- There is an increased risk of death for moderately obese, morbidly obese, and underweight drivers and a decreased risk in overweight drivers.