It's an NHTSA report
Inspection and Testing of Low Speed Vehicles, Jeff Elias, Aug 1998, VRTC-83-0461
- In response to petitions by the golf cart industry the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reviewed its position on low speed vehicles and has taken steps to define a new class of low speed vehicle (LSV) which is exempt from the federal motor vehicle safety standards (FMVSS) that apply to motor vehicles. A new safety standard, FMVSS 100, has been proposed to regulate this new class of vehicle.
The Vehicle Research and Test Center conducted a survey and a series of tests to evaluate the safety and stability of LSVs. Two neighborhood electric vehicles, the Bombardier and the GEM, and one golf car, the Yamaha gasoline powered golf cart, were selected for this study. Testing included 1) measurement of the CG height of the vehicle to determine the Static Stability Factor (SSF) for both unloaded and two passenger configurations 2) measurement of lateral stability in a constant 50 foot radius turn, and 3) straight line braking on both a high coefficient surface and low coefficient surface.
LSV manufacturers raised concerns on the unsuitability of traditional windshield glazings on vehicles that would be used on golf courses as well as highways. Therefore, a short series of tests were conducted to evaluate and compare golf ball impacts on AS-1 and AS-6 glazing (specified in the proposed FMVSS 100). Results of these tests indicate that AS-4 or AS-5 glazing may be a better alternative than AS-6.
- One of the goals of this examination was to determine if potential LSVs would meet the requirements of the proposed regulation. It was noted in Table 2 of the report that two vehicles which were manufactured for golf and highway use meet nearly all of the proposed requirements. Those criteria that were not met in this examination would be relatively easy to upgrade (reflectors, warning labels, VIN). It was noted that a vehicle which was manufactured for golf course use would require substantial modification to meet the requirements of the proposed regulation